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Medical is gotten from the word medicine which is the study and practice of medicine. Medicine involves the study, research and the process of curing illnesses in animals and humans. Medicine involves the use of medicine, injections, gloves, bandages and other equipment. This equipment is not supposed to be used on more than one patient, therefore, it is thrown away after use. They give rise to medicine waste. Medicine waste is hazardous to the environment and can cause a reoccurrence of infections hence they should be disposed of keenly. Some medicine waste can be treated and reused. Some institutions called medical waste disposal companies provide medicine waste disposal services. The following are the ways of performing medicine waste disposal and treatment.
Chemical treatment is the first medicine waste treatment method. Chemical treatment of medicine waste involves the mixing of medicine waste and chemicals so as to kill the bacteria and other microorganisms. Chlorine and calcium oxide are mostly used in chemical treatment. The treatment process may also produce harmful gases hence a person should be in protective gear and be keen when carrying out the treatment process. Use of chemical to treat medicine waste is an on-site process since the waste is treated in areas within the health facilities.
The second method is burying or land disposal. Decontaminated medicine waste and the treated waste can be buried on the ground or thrown away on the land surface where it can be burnt. Land disposal can also be used in disposing of medicine waste which cannot be disposed of in other ways. Sanitary landfill is used to prevent contamination of water and soil in cases where decontamination of medicine waste is impossible. Injection wells are used in disposing of hazardous liquid medicine waste. This waste is disposed of in special and restricted areas which are only accessed by the authorized and professional people.
The third method of medicine waste treatment is autoclaving. This involves the heating and steaming medicine waste equipment at high temperatures so as to kill all the diseases causing microorganisms. A high-temperature cooker is used in heating this medicine waste before they are disposed of in landfills. There are different sizes of autoclaving equipment and one should purchase the one that best suits him.
The fourth method of medicine waste treatment is irradiation. Gamma rays which have very high frequencies are subjected to medicine waste to kill bacteria.
The fifth method of medicine waste disposal is microwave treatment. Microwave treatment is just like irradiation but it uses microwaves to decontaminate medicine waste which has moisture. Moist can be added to dry medicine waste to make the microwave treatment effective.
These are the most common processes of medicine waste treatment and disposal.